Knee Replacement Surgery
Total or partial knee replacement surgery is, in most cases, the last resort for any person suffering from an injured or damaged knee. While the operation itself may take only a few hours, it may take months for the knee to recover completely. Knee replacement surgery Washington D.C. carries certain risks. Following Dr. Stein’s post-operative recovery plan is of great importance. He is most concerned about your safety and is with you every step of the way!
What is knee replacement surgery?
When you have knee replacement surgery, the weak or injured knee is replaced with a prosthesis, which is an artificial joint. The prosthetic joint can be made of metal, polymers or plastic material, and it functions as a knee. The prosthesis is chosen based on the age, weight, activity level, and the overall health of the patient.
When should I get a knee replacement?
The primary reason for a knee replacement is arthritis. Often, as a result of rheumatoid or osteoarthritis arthritis. A full or total knee replacement surgery Washington D.C. is recommended only after other less invasive treatments were not successful. Dr. Stein begins by treating the injury by asking you to lose weight, take medications, engage in physical therapy, and use assistive devices like a knee brace or cane.
During your initial orthopaedic consultation with Dr. Stein, he will examine and monitor the following:
- The intensity of the knee pain
- Its interference with your daily activities like climbing the stairs or walking
- Your age and all-around health
Knee replacement surgery is mostly done for patients who are above 55 years of age. Those who are younger and get a knee replacement surgery tend to need a revision in most cases. Dr. Stein evaluates your symptoms individually, and only then would he be able to recommend knee replacement surgery.
Am I healthy enough for surgery?
Before the surgery, Dr. Stein checks your health as well as any reactions to anesthesia. The evaluation includes checking your full medical history through a physical examination. Next, Dr. Stein orders a blood test, X-rays, and other imaging tests.
Dr. Stein takes a complete medical history, which includes any prior operations and also checks your overall health. As a patient, you need to inform him about any over the counter or prescribed medications you take. Also, please advise him if you are taking any nutritional supplements. You must also tell Dr. Stein about any allergic reaction you may have had to anesthesia in the past. Open communication allows Dr. Stein to make the best decision for repairing your knee.
Preparing your home
In most cases, you will need a walker or crutches to help you walk for a few weeks. During this recovery phase, it is crucial that you get your home ready for recovery. Doing things like installing handles around the toilet and in the shower are beneficial. Also, you may want to purchase a footrest that ensures your leg is at an elevated level. Dr. Stein gives you specific instructions on post-surgery self-care. You must follow these precisely for a speedy and successful recovery.
What happens during the operation?
Before the surgery, a nurse will administer an IV, so you are provided with nutrients and fluids during the surgery. Anesthesia begins right before the operation.
Dr. Stein makes an extended surgical incision above your knee during the surgery. The operation typically lasts between two to three hours. Your skin and muscles are exposed, and Dr. Stein removes the bone and the damaged cartilage.
Your brand-new knee joint is then attached to the femur, or thighbone, and the main bone in the lower leg that is called your tibia. Dr. Stein, orthopedic surgeon, achieves this result using pins and screws that are specialized for this type of orthopedic knee surgery. Your incision is then closed with stitches, and a bandage is applied to it. Next, you are off to the recovery room, where Dr. Stein monitors your vital signs and immediate post-operative care.